In the 2016 Census, nearly 25,000 Canadians identify themselves as Estonian but we estimate that there may be approximately 40,000 Canadians of Estonian heritage. The official numbers may not account for additional variables which include descendents and their children, unlisted individuals, minors, and landed immigrants. Each of these groups are participants in the community, yet may not be listed in the Census.
There is little historical census data to draw upon. Available statistics state that there were approximately 20,000 Estonians in Canada in the early 1970's. The Lithuanian community had 25,000 members in the early 1970's and the current 2016 Census statistic shows their community at 59,286.
After two generations, not all Canadians of Estonian heritage will identify themselves first as Estonians, but we believe that regardless of how Estonians of Canadians identify themselves, they do remain as Estonians.