Available statistics state that there were approximately 20,000 Estonians in Canada in the early 1970's. In the 2016 Census, nearly 25,000 Canadians identified themselves as Estonian but we estimate this to be closer to 40,000 Canadians of Estonian heritage. The official numbers may not account for additional variables, which include descendants and their children, unlisted individuals, minors, and landed immigrants. Each of these groups are participants in the community, yet may not be listed in the Census. After two generations, not all Canadians of Estonian heritage will identify themselves first as Estonians, but we believe that regardless of how Estonians of Canadians identify themselves, they do remain as Estonians.